The market, region of eastern Italy, rises in the mountains of Apennines and the Adriatic Sea, territory rich in art and culture. The capital, Ancona, is a port city on the Conero Riviera, an area characterized by sandy coves, limestone cliffs and medieval villages. Pesaro, birthplace of the famous composer Gioacchino Rossini, where it is possible to visit his birthplace, with a rich theatrical season in the splendid setting of Rossini theater, with a historic center made up of elegant streets that give a particular city atmosphere, where between buildings, museums, churches, fortresses, ancient and very modern libraries you walk to discover works of art and ingenuity, or to attend the hundreds of shows and initiatives that animate the summer but also all the other seasons.
It also offers seven kilometers of equipped beaches and free beaches with shallow and sandy bottoms ideal for the family, surrounded by a surprising environment such as that of the Monte San Bartolo Park and the promontories overlooking the sea and a port set up with seats from where you can admire spectacular sunsets over the sea from June to August. The Port offers the connection with the other side of the Adriatic with Losinj in Croatia in just two hours by hydrofoil. Pesaro is also inland where there are ancient fortifications on top of the hills and glacial valleys of Monti Sibillini National Park. Urbino municipality combined with the province of Pesaro (Pesaro-Urbino) city of immense historical and artistic wealth.
Here we want to mention a city in the Marche among the thousand wonders that this Region offers. The splendid Urbino, where it is easy to get lost with the nose up while walking in its historic center. Surrounded by a long terracotta wall and adorned with sandstone buildings, thanks to the work of important artists Urbino from a simple village became the "cradle of the Renaissance" and, today again, while you visit its historic center you can still breathe the fifteenth-century air. A feature that earned him the honor of entering the World Heritage List in 1998 UNESCO, indeed, the city has the undisputed merit of having been a point of attraction for the most illustrious scholars and artists of the Renaissance, both Italians and foreigners, who have transformed it into an exceptional urban complex.
The origins of Urbino are very ancient, the Roman name Urvinum derives from the Latin term cave (urvum is the curved handle of the plow), but it was in the fifteenth century that the city experienced its greatest splendor, and it is above all thanks to the contribution of Federico di Montefeltro, leader, captain of fortune and famous Renaissance lord, that Urbino acquired that monumental and artistic excellence, whose influence has widely spread to the rest of Europe. In fact, this great patron was not only able to transform Urbino into a magnificent princesque court, but also to attract to the duchy the best that the Italian Renaissance humanistic culture could offer: Piero della Francesca, Luciano Laurana, Leon Battista Alberti, Francesco di Giorgio Martini, Girolamo Genga and Raphael's father, Giovanni Santi.
Urbino is also home to one of the oldest and most successful Italian universities, the Carlo Bo, which was born in 1506, today it has more university students than indigenous residents, boasts a famous Academy of Fine Arts, and is also known as the “capital of the book” because of the Institute for the Decoration and Illustration of the Book born in the second half of the twentieth century.
But brands are not only history but also a forge of art, culture, music and poetry. The region is also characterized by a singular wealth of internationally renowned artists and scholars: Raffaello Sanzio (1483 – 1520), the genius from Urbino who was one of the greatest interpreters of Renaissance painting; Gioachino Rossini (1792 – 1868), one of the greatest opera composers in the history of music, Giacomo Leopardi(1798 – 1837), one of the greatest poets of the Italian nineteenth century and one of the most important figures in world literature; Maria Montessori(1870 – 1952), known for its revolutionary teaching method, applied in thousands of schools around the world, Dear da Fabriano (1370 – 1427), painter among the most representative of the international Gothic, Ciriaco d’Ancona (1391 – 1452), father of archeology, Donato Bramante (1444 – 1514), architect and painter, among the main artists of the Renaissance, Father Matteo Ricci (1552 – 1610), one of the greatest disseminators of Western culture in China and a scholar of Eastern civilization; finally the two famous composers Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (1710 – 1736) e Gaspare Spontini (1774 – 1851).